Alcoholics Anonymous is an international mutual aid scholarship dedicated to abstinence-based recovery from alcoholism through its Spiritually Inclined Twelve Steps program. Following their Twelve Traditions, the autonomous AA and AA groups are. Since its inception in 1935, the success of Alcoholics Anonymous has aroused interest. Members, professionals and the general public would like to learn more about A, A.
And how it works to help alcoholics. Here we have compiled historical information thanks to the Archives of the General Service Office. You can explore the exhibits online and also find resources to learn more here. How did a meeting between a New York stockbroker and an Akron surgeon lead to a global movement? How did the A, A come about.
Grant to Start in the U.S. UU. Go back to the origins of A, A. Or see what happened in a particular decade or year.
You'll find a lot of rich details in the A, A. Timeline, including text and images. The Archives of the General Services Office are dedicated to exploring A, A. Since its formal opening in 1975, it has served both members of A, A.
The files help people interested in discovering A, A. Individuals and interested professionals can visit the G, S, O. We also offer online exhibits and a timeline of A, A. We have historical exhibits online for you to explore.
Some of the events, individuals and works that shaped our beginnings stand out. We hope that this material will inspire interest and spread a greater understanding of A, A. TO, TO. It started and how did the steps and traditions evolve.
It also explains how A, A. Other historical resources are available in A, A. Literature area of our website also. It started in the United States, spread to Canada and then went all over the world.
It is now present in more than 180 countries. Following is a brief history of the start of A, A. And some of its main contributors. It began in 1935 in Akron, Ohio, as a result of a meeting between Bill W.
Before their meeting, Bill and Dr. Bob had been in contact with the Oxford Group. This mostly non-alcoholic community emphasized universal spiritual values in the. Samuel Shoemaker, led the Oxford Groups in the U.S.
Under this spiritual influence, and with the help of an old friend, Ebby T. Bill maintained his recovery by working with other alcoholics. Bob, none of these other alcoholics had recovered. Bob's membership in Oxford Group in Akron hadn't helped him enough to achieve sobriety.
Bob and Bill finally met, the effect on the doctor was immediate. This time, he came face to face with a partner who was succeeding. Bill emphasized that alcoholism was a disease of the mind, emotions, and body. Bill learned this important fact from Dr.
Silkworth of Towns Hospital in New York. Bill had often been a patient of Dr. Bob didn't know alcoholism was a disease. Responding to Bill's compelling ideas, Dr.
Bob soon got sober, never to drink again. This led to the founding of A, A. Both men immediately went to work with alcoholics at Akron City Hospital. One patient quickly achieved total sobriety.
These three men formed the nucleus of the first A, A. Group (although the name Alcoholics Anonymous has not yet been used. Meanwhile, in New York in 1938, Dr. Bob and Bill had organized a trust fund for the fledgling Fellowship.
He became members of the board alongside a contingent of A, A, s. This board was called The Alcoholic Foundation. But all efforts to raise large sums of money failed because Mr. Rockefeller concluded that it could spoil children's society.
Even so, the foundation managed to open a small office in New York. The purpose of this office was to respond to queries and distribute A, A. To date, these efforts had largely been financed by A, A,. The book and the new office were put to use quickly.
Liberty magazine published an article on A, A. In the fall of 1939, which resulted in some 800 urgent calls for help. Rockefeller hosted a dinner for many of his prominent New York friends to unveil A, A. Then, in March 1941, The Saturday Evening Post published an excellent article on A, A by Jack Alexander.
By the end of that year, the number of members had increased to 6,000, and the number of groups had multiplied in proportion. The scholarship was extended across the U.S. By 1950, 100,000 recovered alcoholics could be found around the world. However spectacular it was, the period 1940-1950 was, however, one of great uncertainty.
The crucial question was whether all those fickle alcoholics could live and work together in groups. Could they stick together and work effectively? This was the unsolved problem. New York headquarters spent a lot of time corresponding with thousands of groups about their questions. However, in 1946 it was possible to draw some conclusions on the types of attitude, practice and function that would best suit A, A.
Those principles grew out of the strenuous group experience. They were summarized by Bill in the Twelve Traditions of Alcoholics Anonymous. By 1950, the previous chaos had largely disappeared. Unity and operation have been achieved and implemented.
During this hectic ten-year period, Dr. Bob dedicated himself to hospital care for alcoholics. A large number of alcoholics flocked to Akron for care in St. Bob became a member of his staff.
He and the companion of the staff, the extraordinary sister Ignatia, cared for and brought A, A. Bob's death in 1950, Sister Ignatia continued to work at Cleveland Charity Hospital. It was assisted by the A, A local. Groups and 10,000 more sick people found first A, A.
This is a good example of hospitalization in which A, A. It could cooperate with both medicine and religion. Headquarters also published standards A, A. Supervised its translation into other languages.
Our international magazine, AA Grapevine, had achieved great circulation. These and many other activities had become indispensable for A, A. However, these vital services were still in the hands of an isolated board of trustees. The trustees only link to the Fellowship had been Bill and Dr.
As the co-founders had envisaged years earlier, it became absolutely necessary to link A, A. If it hadn't been for A, A. I could never have grown and prospered without a lot of people. These friends of medicine, religion and global communications are particularly essential.
We deeply appreciate your time and effort in helping A, A. Presence can be found in approximately 180 countries around the world. See more resources for more information on A, A. Alcoholics Anonymous is one of the most recognized organizations that exist to help people recover from alcoholism.
A study found an association between an increase in attendance at AA meetings with greater spirituality and a decrease in the frequency and intensity of alcohol consumption. The New York office had significantly expanded its activities, which now consisted of public relations, advice to new groups, services to hospitals, prisons, Solitary and Internationalists, and cooperation with other agencies in the field of alcoholism. In waging his own battle with drinking, he had already learned that helping others with alcoholism was the key to maintaining his own sobriety, the principle that would later become step 12 of the Twelve Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous. While he was undergoing treatment, a doctor named William Silkworth explained to him that alcoholism is a disease, not a moral failure, which was the prevailing belief at the time.
This marks an early sign of a change in the way people think about alcoholism, one that AA would adopt as a core value of their work. Informally known as The Big Book (with its first 164 pages virtually unchanged since the 1939 edition), it suggests a twelve-step program in which members admit that they are powerless in the face of alcohol and need the help of a higher power. Explains how substance abuse treatment works, how family interventions can be a first step to recovery, and how to help children from families affected by alcohol and drug abuse. The men who would create Alcoholics Anonymous were affiliated with The Oxford Group without him, maybe they never met.
AA offered members a way to change the way they think about alcohol and give them something better to live for. At a closed AA meeting, the only people who can attend are those who are recovering from alcohol use disorder (AUD) or those interested in learning more about overcoming their addiction. There are several ways in which one can determine if AA works and numerous ways to measure whether AA is successful, such as observing abstinence, reducing the intensity of alcohol use, reducing alcohol-related consequences, the severity of alcohol addiction, and the cost of medical care. From the beginning, the founders realized that in order to combat the disease of alcohol addiction and win, you had to do more than abstain from drinking.